The Largest Turtles in the World
Largest turtle today is the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea). Now we will talk about the largest turtles in the world. Not much information is known about the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) because almost all his life was spent exploring the ocean to migrate. However, research using satellite transmission by WWF Indonesia in Jamursba Medi, Papua, in collaboration with international research institutions NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), managed to study the migration of this endangered animals.
Although the leatherback turtle is the largest turtle in the world, newly hatched hatchlings weigh less than 200 grams, but when they grow adult can reach 600-900 kg. Newly hatched hatchlings swim out to sea and returned to shore after his weight reached about 600 pounds. The female of leatherback turtle lay their eggs to the mainland for about three hours in every period to lay 60-120 eggs, then return to the sea, and rose again to the mainland to spawn 2-3 years later.
Leatherback turtles as largest turtle are protected as provided in CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species) Appendix 1. Jamursba Medi, located on the north coast of Papua is one place to laying egg for leatherback turtle. There are only two places which became leatherback turtle habitat in the Pacific Ocean, the North Pacific, including the beaches of Mexico, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, and in the western Pacific on the beaches of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Malaysia and Papua (including Papua New Guinea). With more than 900 kilogram of weight, leatherback turtle is the largest turtle.