Top 10 Largest Oil Spills in history
Oil spills have become a serious threat to marine ecosystems that can cause damage to the marine environment in a game. This is a list of largest oil spills in history that cause environmental damage to marine ecosystems.
10. M / T Haven Tanker, 1991
Location: Genoa, Italy
Gallons: 42 million
A tanker ship exploded and apparently shoddily maintained later sank off the coast of Italy. The accident killed six people. Immediately after the incident, an effort by Italy to attract the Haven to the beach failed, and the ship (250 meters) in 820-foot-long submerged off the coast of Genoa. Today is believed to be the largest shipwreck in the world and is a popular tourist destination for divers.
9. Odyssey Oil Spill, 1988
Location: 700 nautical miles off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada
Gallons: 43 million
In November 1988 the Liberian tanker Odyssey, almost full to the brim with North Sea crude oil, broke in two and sank in the North Atlantic 700 miles off the coast of Nova Scotia. This was also burned by drowning.
8. Amoco Cadiz, 1978
Location: Off Brittany, France
Gallons: 68.7 million
Amoco Cadiz tankers ran aground off the coast of Brittany after the steering failed in a severe storm. Its entire cargo 246,000 tones of light crude oil discharged into the turbulent waters of the English Channel, with grim consequences kill more marine life than other oil spill to date at the time.
7. Castillo de Bellver, 1983
Location: Off Saldanha Bay, South Africa
Gallons: 78.5 million
Other Torcher, the Castillo de Bellver burning about 70 miles northwest of Cape Town, South Africa, on August 6, 1983. Blazing tanker abandoned and drifting off the coast until it broke into two. Stern upside down and sank into the deep ocean, with some 110,000 tons of oil left in his tank. Part bow pulled away and drowned in a controlled explosion. The ship was carrying almost 79 million gallons of crude oil at the time of the accident.
6. ABT Summer, 1991
Location: Off the coast of Angola
Gallons: 80 million
When travel to Rotterdam, fully loaded tankers ABT Summer experience onboard explosion and caught fire while it is 900 miles off the coast of Angola, payload leaked into the sea. Surrounded by booming oil spill that stretches 80 miles square, tanker burned for three days before the sinking.
5. Nowruz Oil Field, 1983
Location: Persian Gulf
Gallons: 80 Million.
Located in the middle of the Iran-Iraq War, an oil tanker falls into the Nowruz Field Platform in the Persian Gulf and knocked it sideways, destroying wells underneath. Whether the leaked oil around 1500 barrels per day, but because it was in the center of a war zone, seven months passed before repair.
4. Fergana Valley, 1992
Nearly 88 million gallons of oil spilled from oil exploration wells in the Fergana Valley, one of the most active areas Uzbekistans energy-and oil refining. While the spill did not get much press at the time, it is the largest inland spills reported.
3. Atlantic Empress, 1979
Location: Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies
Gallons: 88.3 Million
How to Happen: One night a storm in July 1979, two full supertankers collided off the coast of Tobago in the Caribbean Sea, to accelerate the ship-sourced oil spills largest in history.
2. Ixtoc 1 Oil Well, 1979
Location: Bay of Campeche, Mexico
Gallons: 140 million
In June 1979, oil exploration wells in the Gulf of Campeche collapsed after pressure buildup trigger accidental explosion. Over the next 10 months about 140 million gallons of crude oil spewing into the Gulf of Mexico from damaged oil wells.
1. Gulf War, 1991
Gallon: 240-336 Million
After Iraqi forces retreated from Kuwait during the first Gulf War, they opened the valves of oil wells and pipelines in an effort to slow the attack American forces. The result was history’s largest oil spill. Some 240 million gallons of crude oil flowing into the Persian Gulf. Oil spills resulting wider from Hawaii Island.
This incident becomes largest oil spill in history. This oil spill caused permanent damage to the reef ecosystem and the local fishery, according to a report by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.