Top 10 Largest Islands in the World
Now we will talk about the largest island in the world. As we all know that the earth is composed of thousands of islands, and among the thousands of islands there are several islands that have a very wide area. Here are the top 10 largest islands in the world.
Area: 2,175,600 km ²
Region: Denmark divisional autonomy
Greenland in English, or the Land of Green (official name: Kalaallit Nunaat, in Danish: Grønland), is an island in the northern Atlantic Ocean in the northeast of Canada. Its area is 2,166,086 km ² and is the largest island in the world. This island belonged to the Kingdom of Denmark. Since 1979, the Land of Green was given independence and since 1985 no longer a member of the European Union. However, the Queen of Denmark was still serving as head of state. Green Land is the capital of Nuuk
2. New Guinea (Papua)
Area: 890,000 km ²
Region: Papua New Guinea and Indonesia
The island of Papua or Irian or New Guinea (English: New Guinea) is the second largest island (after the Green Land) in the world located in northern Australia.
The island is divided into two areas controlled by the west and parts of eastern Indonesia are a country of Papua New Guinea. The term “Papua” is used to refer to the island as a whole. New Guinea comes from New Guinea, the name given by Westerners. They first argue that similar Papua Guinea, a region in Africa. So they called Guinea “Papua” is now also used to refer to the western province of Papua which is controlled by Indonesia, Papua and West Papua. In this island lies the highest mountain in Indonesia, namely Puncak Jaya (5030 m).
3. Borneo (Kalimantan)
Area: 743,330 km ²
Region: Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia
Borneo are an island located in the northern island of Java and Sulawesi in the west island.
Often called the whole island of Borneo is called Kalimantan, while the area of Indonesia, Malaysia and the region called the Sarawak and Sabah. Then there was the sultanate of Brunei. In ancient times, Borneo is the name used by the colonial British and Dutch, while the name used by the inhabitants of the island of Borneo Indonesia. In the Indonesian language first, is the designation for the North Borneo North Borneo (Sabah), but in the sense of North Borneo is now the northern part of East Kalimantan.
So in a broad sense includes the whole island of Kalimantan, Borneo, Kalimantan, while in the narrow sense refers only to parts of Indonesia.
Area: 587,041 km ²
Geologically, Madagascar is on a separate plate from the main continent of Africa. Was first separated from the Indian subcontinent, the island is moving perilously close to the continent. This island is an old land, the same as Australia, so that soil mineral scarcity of food due to the absence of volcanic activity. Most of the red soil, indicating soil conditions that has been decaying.
As a result of hundreds of millions of years of isolation, the flora and fauna of Madagascar is very typical and many endemic species found there. This situation is similar to that occurring on the island of Sulawesi.
5. Baffin Island
Area: 507,451 km ²
Baffin Island (Inuktitut language: Qikiqtaaluk) is one of the Arctic Archipelago in the territory of Nunavut, northern Canada. It is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world, with an area of 507,451 km ². In 2004, the population numbered 11,000. The name of the island is taken from the name of the late British explorer William Baffin.
Area: 425,000 km ²
Sumatra (also spelled Sumatra) located in Indonesia, is the sixth largest island in the world, with an area of 443,065.8 km2. Residents of this island of about 42,409,510 people (2000). In Sumatra once contained the royal Ocean (now in Aceh). It is said that on his visit to the island of Ibn Battuta (Morocco-based Islamic scholar) has always pronounced the word Ocean to Sumatra, Sumatra since then the name is widely known as the island’s name.
Besides known by the name of Sumatra, the island known as the island of Andalas or Suwarnadwipa. Suwarnadwipa meaning is “island of gold”. Negarakertagama manuscript from the 14th century called “Proto Earth” for the island.
Area: 227,414 km ²
Honshu (本州) is the largest island of Japan. He is located in southern Hokkaido, north of Shikoku across the Sea of the Interior, and northeast of Kyushu across the Straits of Shimonoseki. If measured by the whole world, the island of Honshu is the world’s seventh largest and second most populous island in the world after Java.
Honshu about 1,300 km long and its width varies between 50 and 230 km. The total area is 230,500 km ², approximately 60% of total land area of Japan. Along the 5450 km coastline.
8. Great Britain
Area: 219,000 km ²
Great Britain is an island that lies off the western coast of northwest Europe. This island has an area of 218,595 km ² and an overall area of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In this island located three states or territory of this union are: Scotland, England and Wales.
United Kingdom called the United Kingdom to distinguish it from another region of Bretagne in France. The name comes from the United Kingdom France Grand-Bretagne. And since the official language of British rule from the year 1066 is the French language, and then this name is continued until the English became the official return. By historians name “Bretayne the Grete” used in the year 1338. But this new name officially used by King James I (James VI of Scots and I of England and Ireland) on October 20, 1604. At that time he was an oath stating that he was “King of Great Britain” and not only “Scottish” and “England” Just because Wales are also included territory.
9. Victoria Island
Area: 217,291 km ²
Victoria Island is one of Canada’s Arctic islands in Nunavut and Northwest Territories, Canada. This is one of the largest islands in the world, and with the size of 217.291 sq. km making it the second largest island in Canada, twice the size of Newfoundland. One third of the western part of the island is part of Inuvik, Northwest Territories and the rest is part of the Kitikmeot, Nunavut. The width of the Strait of Melville is located in the north, and Canal Clintock and Victoria Strait to the east. Parts of the Northwest Territory continued to land across the south, the Strait of Pease. In the west there is a Desert Amundsen and Banks Island.
Area: 196,236 km ²
Ellesmere Island is part of the Canadian territory Nunavut Qikiqtaaluk Region. Located in the Canadian Arctic Islands are considered part of the Queen Elizabeth Islands, with Cape Columbia to the northernmost point of land in Canada. Comprising spacious 196 235 km2 (75,767 sq mi), making it the tenth largest island in the world and Canada’s third largest island. Arctic Cordillera mountain system covers much of Ellesmere Island, making it the most mountainous in the Canadian Arctic Islands. Arctic Willow is the only species of wood growing on Ellesmere Island. This island ranked tenth as largest island in the world.