Top 10 Largest Buddhist Temples in the World
Largest Buddhist temple spread over several countries around the world, the most we can find in the Asia region. Buddhism is a major world religion and philosophy founded in northeastern India in the 5th century AD. Buddhism itself is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as “The Buddha”, who was born in Nepal. Buddhism aims to escape from suffering and the cycle of reincarnation (rebirth) and the attainment of nirvana. There are approximately 500 million Buddhists worldwide. Here are the top 10 largest Buddhist temples in the world.
10. Temple of Haeinsa
Haeinsa temple was in tenth place as the largest Buddhist temple. Haeinsa which means “Temple of Reflection on the Sea” is one of the most important Buddhist temples in South Korea. This temple was first built in 802 and rebuilt in the 19th century after Haiensa burned in 1817. Fortunately, the assets of the main temple is a complete copy of the Buddhist scriptures (Tripitaka Koreana), which was written on 81 258 block of wood, was rescued from the fire.
9. Wat Arun
Turning to the number 9, you will see Wat Arun as the largest Buddhist temple. Located on the Thonburi side of Chao Phraya River, Wat Arun, which means “Temple of Dawn”, is one of the oldest and most famous landmarks in Bangkok, Thailand. Architecture of this temple is a representation of Mount Meru, the center of the universe in Buddhist cosmology.
8. Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang was in eighth place as the largest Buddhist temple. Located in Vientiane, Pha That Luang, which means “the Great Stupa in Lao”, is one of the most important monuments in Laos. This stupa has a terrace with each level representing a different stage of Buddhist enlightenment. The lowest level represents the material world, representing the world’s highest rates of absence. Pha That Luang was built in the 16th century on the ruins of a Khmer temple before. This temple was destroyed by the invasion of Siam in 1828, and then reconstructed by the French in 1931.
7. Jokhang Temple
At number seven you will see the Jokhang Temple Jokhang as the largest Buddhist temple. Jokhang Temple in Lhasa Jokhang is the most important sacred site in Tibetan Buddhism that attracts thousands of pilgrims every year. This temple was built by King Songtsän Gampo in the 7th century. The Mongols several times attacked the Jokhang temple, but the building survived. Today the temple complex covers an area of approximately 25,000 square meters.
6. Todaiji temple
Todaiji which means “Temple of the Great Eastern” in Nara is one of the most significant Buddhist temples and historically the most famous in Japan. This temple was built in the 8th century by the Emperor Shomu as the main temple of all Buddhist temples in Japan. Today, there is little left of the original building Todaiji. Daibutsuden, the main hall of this building, mostly made in the year 1709. Where in it there is one of the largest Buddha statues in Japan as well as the world’s largest wooden building, although only two-thirds the size of these structures is still original from the early buildings. Todaiji temple was in sixth place as the largest Buddhist temple.
Boudhanath in fifth place as the largest Buddhist temple. Located on the outskirts of Kathmandu, Boudhanath stupa is one of the largest in the world. Boudhanath is the center of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal and many refugees from Tibet settled here in recent decades. The best known is probably the eyes of Boudhanath Buddhist displayed on all four sides of the tower. This stupa is said to be made in the 14th century, after earlier stupa was destroyed by invaders from the Mughals.
4. Mahabodhi temple
Turning to the number 4, you will see the Mahabodhi Temple in the list of largest Buddhist temple. Mahabodhi Temple which means “Great Enlightenment” is a Buddhist stupa, located in Bodh Gaya, India. Some 250 years after Buddha attained enlightenment, Emperor Asoka built a temple at the site. This temple is derived from the 5-6 century AD
3. Shwedagon Pagoda
Shwedagon Pagoda is in third place as the largest Buddhist temple. Shwedagon Pagoda which in Indonesian means “Golden Pagoda” in Yangon, is the holiest Buddhist temple in Myanmar. It is estimated that the Pagoda was first built by the Sun during the Bagan period, sometime between the 6th century and the 10th AD. Pagoda complex is full of sparkling, colorful stupa at the center of attention with a height of 99 meters, a main stupa is truly supreme coated with gold.
Bagan, also spelled as “Pagan”, located on the banks of the River Ayerwaddy, is the largest site in the world in which there are Buddhist temples, pagodas, Stupas and other ruins. This site is the capital of several ancient kingdoms in Myanmar and there are about 4,400 temples when the empire reached its peak between the years 1000 and 1200 AD. At 1287, the kingdom fell to the Mongols, after they refused to pay tribute to Kublai Khan. Chart rapidly declining political role as the city center, but continues to grow as a place to study Buddhism. Chart is in second place as the largest Buddhist temple.
Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the world. Located on the island of Java, Indonesia, 40 km (25 miles) northwest of Yogyakarta, the Borobudur Buddhist temple is the largest and most famous around the world. Borobudur was built for about 75 years in the 8th century and the ninth by the royal dynasty. It is estimated more than 2 million blocks of stone used to build this temple. The temple was abandoned in the 14th century for reasons that still remain a mystery and hidden for centuries in the forests under layers of volcanic ash. Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple.